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Bernieh's Garden

Spathodea Campanulata - African Tulip Tree

Genus: Spathodea.

Species: Spathodea campanulata.

Common name: African Tulip Tree
Botanic name: Spathodea Campanulata
Family: Bignoniaceae

This spectacular tree comes from tropical central and western Africa and grows up to 10-15 metres.

It has simple pinnate compound leaves, 30-40 cm long, about 7 pairs of leaflets. Leaves are slightly hairy, shiny above.

The flowers are large, showy, and red. The flower buds form a ball-shaped cluster. Each brown banana-shaped flower bud is filled with water, forming a natural water pistol when squeezed. The outer buds bloom first before the inner ones. The tree blooms for most of the year and a flower lasts about 3 days.

The fruit is the long (20 cm) green pods, and when ripe they turn brown and split open into a woody, boat-shaped form. The pod is filled with lots of small seeds with transparent wings.

Photos of this plant

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